PlantNET Home PlantNET Home | Search NSW Flora | Contact Us  
FloraOnline
Introduction
Plant Name Search
Index Search
Spatial Search
Identification Keys
Classification
Glossary
HerbLink (Type Images)
WeedAlert
Other PlantNET Sites
Other Data Sources
NEW SOUTH WALES FLORA ONLINE Printable Page

Family Rhizophoraceae

Description: Evergreen trees or shrubs, often mangroves; terminal buds on leafy shoots enclosed by pairs of rolled stipules.

Leaves usually opposite, decussate, often leathery, petiolate; stipules interpetiolar, caducous, leaving an annular scar.

Inflorescences axillary, cymose or flowers solitary. Flowers actinomorphic, bisexual. Calyx 3–16-lobed, valvate, persistent. Corolla lobes equal in number to the calyx lobes. Stamens usually twice the number of the petals, inserted on the rim of the hypanthium; anthers mostly 4-locular, sometimes multi-locular (Rhizophora). Ovary inferior or half-inferior, 2–12-locular; ovules 1 or 2 per loculus, pendent; style simple; stigma entire or lobed.

Fruit pulpy or leathery, indehiscent; seeds usually viviparous.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c . 16 genera, 120 species, in tropical & subtropical areas, especially Africa & eastern Asia. Australia: 4 genera, 13 species (native), Qld, N.S.W., N.T., W.A.

External links:
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Rhizophoraceae, Order: Malpighiales)
Wikipedia

Text by S. M. Hastings
Taxon concept:

 Key to the genera 
1Trees with extensively branched aerial stilt roots forming a looping complex; sepals 4; petals 4; ovary half-inferiorRhizophora
Trees with small prop roots and knobbly knee-like pneumatophores; sepals 8–16; petals 5–16; ovary inferiorBruguiera

  Privacy | Copyright | Disclaimer | About PlantNET | Cite PlantNET