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Genus Malus Family Rosaceae

Description: Deciduous shrubs or trees, rarely spiny.

Leaves simple, sometimes lobed.

Flowers in umbels. Petals clawed. Stamens 15–50. Carpels 3–5, fused, walls cartilaginous in fruit; ovules 2 or more; styles 2–5, united at base.

Pome ± globose, fleshy, usually without stone cells.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 35 species, northern temperate regions. Australia: 1 species (naturalized).

Species of Malus are cultivated for their edible fruits (apples) or as ornamentals (crabapples). Many varieties have been developed over a long period. The apple is of hybrid origin, derived from a number of European species with some Asiatic species included. Malus was formerly placed in the family Malaceae (now part of Rosaceae), e.g. Flora of New South Wales Vol. 1 (1990).

Text by G. J. Harden & A. N. Rodd
Taxon concept:

One species in NSW: Malus x domestica

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