Description: Erect trailing or scandent shrubs, mostly with prickles, glabrous to pubescent, glandular hairs also often present.
Leaves pinnate, rarely 1-foliolate, leaflets mostly toothed; stipules fused to petiole.
Flowers showy, solitary or in corymbs. Hypanthium urn-shaped, floral parts strongly perigynous. Sepals usually 5. Petals 5 or more. Stamens numerous, inserted on rim of hypanthium. Carpels numerous, ovaries superior, styles protruding through a narrow aperture in hypanthium.
Achenes included within enlarged swollen hypanthium commonly known as a 'hip'.
Distribution and occurrence: World: 250 species, Europe, Asia & North America. Australia: c. 8 species (naturalized), Qld, N.S.W., Vic., Tas., S.A.
Many species and hybrids are cultivated for their flowers.
Text by G. J. Harden & A. N. Rodd
Taxa not yet included in identification key
| ||Key to the species|| |
|1||Hypanthium and hip glabrous and without prickles or sometimes with scattered fine prickles; outer sepals pinnatifid||2|
|Hypanthium and hip densely hairy or covered with bristles or fine prickles; outer sepals entire or shortly lobed||3|
|2||Leaves glandular below; peduncles with glandular hairs and fine prickles||Rosa rubiginosa|
|Leaves not glandular; peduncles glabrous, without prickles|
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|3||Branches, hypanthium and hip densely hairy, prickles absent from hypanthium and hip; flowers with prominent bracts||Rosa bracteata|
|Branches, hypanthium and hip glabrous, covered with bristles or fine prickles; flowers without prominent bracts|
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|4||Leaves with 3 or rarely 5 leaflets||Rosa laevigata|
|Leaves with 9–15 leaflets|
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