PlantNET Home PlantNET Home | Search NSW Flora | Contact Us  
FloraOnline
Introduction
Plant Name Search
Index Search
Spatial Search
Identification Keys
Classification
Glossary
HerbLink (Type Images)
WeedAlert
Other PlantNET Sites
Other Data Sources
NEW SOUTH WALES FLORA ONLINE Printable Page

Genus Zanthoxylum Family Rutaceae

Description: Shrubs or small trees, dioecious or rarely monoecious; with simple hairs, usually armed with prickles on the stems and/or leaves.

Leaves alternate, imparipinnate or paripinnate; leaflets with margins entire or toothed; lateral leaflets opposite.

Inflorescences axillary or terminal, [racemose, cymose or] paniculate. Flowers usually unisexual, 3–5-merous. Sepals 4, basally fused. Petals 4, [valvate or] imbricate, free, not persistent in fruit. Male flowers with 4, free, erect to divergent stamens, opposite the sepals. Female flowers with 1[–5], ± free carpels that lack a sterile apex; styles free [or fused towards the apices], arising ± terminally from carpels; stigma capitate; ovules 2 in each carpel.

Fruit of 1[–5] cocci; cocci not transversely ridged, rounded; seeds held in dehiscing cocci by persistent funiculus, very shiny, black.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 200 species, mainly pantropics. Australia: 5 species (endemic), Qld, N.S.W., N.T.

Text by P. G. Richards
Taxon concept:

One species in NSW: Zanthoxylum brachyacanthum

  Privacy | Copyright | Disclaimer | About PlantNET | Cite PlantNET